the supreme commander of a fleet
He spent his career in the Navy, achieving the rank of
admiral and last serving in Tampa, Fla., as the commander of special operations.
a blanket knitted or crocheted in strips or squares
Sunshine, in fact, bathed the entire
afghan, and the play of warm, brilliant light in the pale-blue wool was in itself well worth beholding.
a pseudoscientific forerunner of chemistry in medieval times
It seemed so simple and so prodigious at the same time that overnight he lost all interest in his experiments in
a small recess opening off a larger room
It was a small house, a lot like our apartment except for two extra rooms: a small dining room and a small
alcove off the living room.
the mathematics of generalized arithmetical operations
A student must become adept with numbers and other symbols, various rules of
algebra and calculus to manipulate symbols, and several functions.
a precise rule specifying how to solve some problem
“We are developing
algorithms that self-learn based on bodily reactions,” he said, referring to the machine-generated code that determines the vehicle’s path.
a hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin
With its yellow-brown translucence,
amber is beautiful on its own, but it is prized by scientists because of what is sometimes found within: flora and fauna.
an intricate ornament that interlaces simulated foliage
There was no decoration on the outside, no roses, no
all the weapons and equipment that a country has
Earlier this month, they unveiled new weapons technology that they said would let them develop a more advanced
arsenal of ballistic missiles.
murder; especially of socially prominent persons
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. fought for civil rights and economic justice during his career as a minister and social activist, eventually losing his life after being
assassinated in 1968.
the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state
Later on in that century, following the death of the Prophet Muhammad, a dispute erupted over who should succeed as "khalifa", or
caliph, to rule the burgeoning Islamic empire.
the science of matter
Arnold works as a chemical engineer at the California Institute of Technology and won the Nobel Prize in
chemistry with two other scientists for their work on the evolution of enzymes.
a message written in a secret code
cipher, each letter in a message is replaced by another letter or a number.
make out the meaning of
Before children learn to read, they learn to
decipher pictures: smiling faces, furry animals, snowflakes.
a substance believed to cure all ills
Sammy was seeking the
elixir of life, “the great panacea” pursued by centuries of alchemists.
an independent ruler or chieftain
emirs of Kuwait and Qatar, the king of Bahrain and the Tunisian president were among the foreign leaders who travelled to Muscat for the ceremony at al-Alam Palace.
an evil spirit or ghost
One grave in every graveyard belongs to the
the person who leads prayers in a mosque
Amu, “uncle” in Arabic, is Mom’s brother and the
imam, or prayer leader, of the mosque here in town.
a slender tower with balconies, especially on a mosque
At Samarra, in northern Iraq, I climbed to the top of the wondrous spiral
minaret of what was once the town's Great Mosque.
the lowest point of anything
All this churned the stomachs of French voters and sent his popularity plunging to a
nadir from which it never recovered.
the ruler of a Muslim country
sultan is the paramount decision-maker in Oman, and also holds the positions of prime minister, supreme commander of the armed forces, minister of defence, minister of finance and minister of foreign affairs.
the mathematical symbol 0 denoting absence of quantity
It uses a scale on which 100 is very clean and
zero is very corrupt.