2020欧洲杯时间

Preface–Chapter 2

In 1957, Melba Pattillo Beals was one of nine African-American students who integrated Little Rock Central High School, an experience she discusses in her celebrated memoir Warriors Don't Cry. In this follow-up, she recounts growing up in the South under oppressive Jim Crow laws.

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definitions & notes only words
  1. segregation
    a social system with separate facilities for minority groups
    Black folks aren’t born expecting segregation, prepared from day one to follow its confining rules.
  2. expectation
    belief about the future
    Instead, the humiliating expectations and traditions of segregation creep over you, slowly stealing a teaspoonful of your self-esteem each day.
  3. ponder
    reflect deeply on a subject
    During the three months that it took to write and ponder the paragraph above, I often wondered what it would take to explain this process to someone who hadn’t lived it.
  4. kernel
    the choicest or most vital part of some idea or experience
    It has always stood out to me as the kernel of words that totally reflects how I feel about the life experience of an African-American.
  5. oppression
    the state of being kept down by unjust use of authority
    I am writing this book in the hope of enlightening readers about the journey an African-American takes in having to grow up and live under the laws and traditions of oppression.
  6. indelible
    not able to be removed or erased
    It is an experience that indelibly imprints certain behaviors on one's brain that never, ever quite go away.
  7. imprint
    establish or impress firmly in the mind
    It is an experience that indelibly imprints certain behaviors on one's brain that never, ever quite go away.
  8. chronicle
    record in order or make a historical record of
    Although the experience in the South has been chronicled as being much more detrimental than that of living in the North, the bottom line is all of it hurts deeply, and all of it leaves grave impressions, which must be overcome if one is to develop self-esteem and a life purpose.
  9. detrimental
    causing harm or injury
    Although the experience in the South has been chronicled as being much more detrimental than that of living in the North, the bottom line is all of it hurts deeply, and all of it leaves grave impressions, which must be overcome if one is to develop self-esteem and a life purpose.
  10. bottom line
    the decisive point
    Although the experience in the South has been chronicled as being much more detrimental than that of living in the North, the bottom line is all of it hurts deeply, and all of it leaves grave impressions, which must be overcome if one is to develop self-esteem and a life purpose.
  11. grave
    causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm
    Although the experience in the South has been chronicled as being much more detrimental than that of living in the North, the bottom line is all of it hurts deeply, and all of it leaves grave impressions, which must be overcome if one is to develop self-esteem and a life purpose.
  12. impression
    a clear and telling mental image
    Although the experience in the South has been chronicled as being much more detrimental than that of living in the North, the bottom line is all of it hurts deeply, and all of it leaves grave impressions, which must be overcome if one is to develop self-esteem and a life purpose.
  13. smother
    deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing
    I felt smothered and choked by them.
  14. humble
    marked by meekness or modesty; not arrogant or prideful
    Their facial expressions changed to humble, their words were apologetic, and their demeanor lacked confidence.
  15. demeanor
    the way a person behaves toward other people
    Their facial expressions changed to humble, their words were apologetic, and their demeanor lacked confidence.
  16. kowtow
    try to gain favor by cringing or flattering
    They behaved in a way that defines a word I would learn later— kowtow.
  17. usurp
    seize and take control without authority
    It was signs like this that usurped my self-esteem and my hope.
  18. demeaning
    causing someone to lose status or the respect of others
    I came to expect this demeaning process.
  19. compel
    force somebody to do something
    We as black people were compelled to learn these rules in order to stay alive.
  20. engulf
    flow over or cover completely
    I didn’t know why exactly, but clouds of dread engulfed me every evening when day turned to night.
  21. doily
    a small round piece of decorative linen or paper
    There were always aromas of tasty dishes, flowers cut from our backyard in vases, doilies that Grandma India crocheted on tables, and squares of tapestry she had made on the walls.
  22. crochet
    make needlework by interlocking thread with a hooked needle
    There were always aromas of tasty dishes, flowers cut from our backyard in vases, doilies that Grandma India crocheted on tables, and squares of tapestry she had made on the walls.
  23. tapestry
    a wall hanging of heavy fabric with pictorial designs
    There were always aromas of tasty dishes, flowers cut from our backyard in vases, doilies that Grandma India crocheted on tables, and squares of tapestry she had made on the walls.
  24. tattered
    worn to shreds; or wearing torn or ragged clothing
    Tattered but freshly swept carpets covered the highly polished hardwood floors, and the rooms were filled with antique velvet-covered chairs inherited from my great-grandma.
  25. akin
    similar in quality or character
    I felt the most akin to her because I resembled her more than I did my mother.
  26. complexion
    the coloring of a person's face
    Her complexion was the same golden brown as mine.
  27. pedagogy
    the principles and methods of instruction
    She would pick out a word and tell me what it meant—words like pedagogy and phenomenon.
  28. thriving
    very lively and profitable
    It was a thriving thoroughfare, but if white strangers doing business came along the road during daylight, we were warned not to speak to them.
  29. thoroughfare
    a public road from one place to another
    It was a thriving thoroughfare, but if white strangers doing business came along the road during daylight, we were warned not to speak to them.
  30. attentive
    giving care
    Our street was a quiet one, with respectful neighbors who were friendly, attentive, and churchgoing on Sundays.
  31. array
    an impressive display or assortment
    There was Mr. Major, the plumber; Miss Austine, the hairdresser; Miss Brooks, the nurse; Mr. Elders, the dentist; and a whole array of kind working folks.
  32. uppity
    arrogant or self-important
    Sometimes they even killed a member of my community to punish him or her for being what they called “ uppity.”
  33. venture
    proceed somewhere despite the risk of possible dangers
    I had learned early on that as long as I stayed in the places where our people were allowed to go and I didn't venture outside our community, everything seemed okay.
  34. heed
    pay close attention to
    Whatever they said was taken as something to be heeded by my people, who repeatedly analyzed it and struggled to precisely obey their wishes.
  35. retaliate
    take revenge for a perceived wrong
    Why couldn't our men get in cars and go to the white neighborhoods to retaliate?
Created on February 8, 2019 (updated February 11, 2019)

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