2020欧洲杯时间

Prologue–Chapter 4

Fencer Ibtihaj Muhammad was the first Muslim American woman to win an Olympic medal. In this memoir, she chronicles her unlikely and often difficult rise to the top in her sport.

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definitions & notes only words
  1. hijab
    a headscarf worn by Muslim women
    “Is your last name Muhammad?” she asked, her eyes fixed on me, the only fourth grader in the classroom wearing a hijab, who happened to be sitting in the front row.
  2. creed
    any system of principles or beliefs
    When no one knows where you fit into the social order of color and creed, confusion ensues until order is restored.
  3. ensue
    take place or happen afterward or as a result
    When no one knows where you fit into the social order of color and creed, confusion ensues until order is restored.
  4. tenacious
    stubbornly unyielding
    Along the way, I had to learn how to be tough and tenacious or risk losing the fight before it even started.
  5. naysayer
    someone with an aggressively negative attitude
    Proud may seem like a familiar story, as this path I’m on was forged by the men and women who came before me—Muhammad Ali, Jackie Robinson, John Carlos, Althea Gibson, Serena and Venus Williams, Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf—athletes who defied the naysayers and triumphed over mountains of adversity.
  6. adversity
    a state of misfortune or affliction
    Proud may seem like a familiar story, as this path I’m on was forged by the men and women who came before me—Muhammad Ali, Jackie Robinson, John Carlos, Althea Gibson, Serena and Venus Williams, Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf—athletes who defied the naysayers and triumphed over mountains of adversity.
  7. solace
    comfort offered to one who is disappointed or miserable
    I hope that, when reading Proud, anyone who has had an opportunity taken from them because of their race, religion, or gender can find solace in these pages.
  8. stoic
    seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive
    The stoic look on Abu’s face made it clear he wasn’t going to change his mind.
  9. endemic
    native to or confined to a certain region
    Newark’s Black residents were protesting the racism and relentless police brutality endemic to the city.
  10. thoroughfare
    a public road from one place to another
    In the aftermath of the riots, most business owners on Springfield Avenue, the key commercial thoroughfare, didn’t bother to rebuild and left their stores abandoned and boarded up.
  11. pervasive
    spreading or spread throughout
    Drug abuse and crime were pervasive.
  12. prude
    a person excessively concerned about propriety and decorum
    Mom said her friends and family always called her a prude because she refused to party with them.
  13. rhetoric
    using language effectively to please or persuade
    But as Abu matured, he found himself attracted not to the nationalist rhetoric used by certain factions of the Nation of Islam, but by the spiritual guidance and the irrefutable guidelines on how to live a God-conscious life.
  14. faction
    a dissenting clique
    But as Abu matured, he found himself attracted not to the nationalist rhetoric used by certain factions of the Nation of Islam, but by the spiritual guidance and the irrefutable guidelines on how to live a God-conscious life.
  15. precept
    a doctrine that is taught
    So, along with a group of other friends, Abu founded a new mosque in East Orange, New Jersey, where traditional Islamic precepts would be observed.
  16. earnest
    devout or heartfelt
    She seemed so earnest in her love of the religion and so dedicated to learning everything she could in the class for new converts, my father was immediately attracted to her.
  17. complementary
    acting as a part that completes another part
    Complementary to her understated beauty, my father fell in love with my mother’s enthusiasm for life and her love of children.
  18. stark
    severely simple
    The compact three-story home was painted a stark white with frosty mint-colored shutters draping the second-story windows.
  19. dilapidated
    in a state of decay, ruin, or deterioration
    Newark was gritty, with a lot of pavement and dilapidated buildings.
  20. exploit
    a notable achievement
    He was only eighteen months older than me and was the brains behind many of our heroic exploits and the person I most wanted to be like.
  21. boisterous
    full of rough and exuberant animal spirits
    I had the quiet determination of my mother, he had the boisterous nature of Abu and his brothers, but we were best friends.
  22. kosher
    proper or legitimate
    She saw keeping active as a halal, or kosher, way for us to interact with our friends.
  23. bode
    indicate by signs
    This did not bode well for me.
  24. mantra
    a commonly repeated word or phrase
    I promised myself that next time I would do better and I would never give up. And that became my mantra as an athlete.
  25. seethe
    be in an agitated emotional state
    My arm stung, but I was also seething.
  26. ensconce
    fix firmly
    There was usually so much going on in our house after school with five kids running around that most of the time I didn’t even have time to tell my parents about the problems I was having at school, and usually by the time I was safely ensconced in our family bubble, the problems didn’t seem that bad.
  27. versed
    thoroughly acquainted through study or experience
    I was quite well versed in being the odd girl out in every situation.
  28. revel
    take delight in
    I loved the fact that Damaris was Black like me, smart, and also reveled in spending her summer learning about cell reproduction and the best way to solve algebraic inequalities.
  29. catty
    deliberately and often slyly spiteful or cruel
    She had witnessed some of the cattiness at the mosque that I had to deal with, too.
  30. fencing
    the art or sport of fighting with swords
    That night, my mom went online and discovered that Columbia High School had one of the best fencing programs in the state, which was a significant honor, because apparently New Jersey had the largest number of high school fencers in the country.
  31. repertoire
    the range of skills in a particular field or occupation
    Even though my father was the major sports fan, he told my mom that fencing was not in his repertoire.
  32. impassive
    deliberately unexpressive
    I felt my eyes grow wide, and I snuck a peek at my dad, whose face was impassive.
  33. integral
    existing as an essential constituent or characteristic
    Playing sports had become such an integral part of our family culture, and I saw no reason to move away from the status quo.
  34. quip
    make jokes or witty remarks
    “Yeah,” Nicole quipped. “Are we sure fencing is ‘the thing’?
  35. assimilate
    become like one's environment
    I had learned a long time ago how to assimilate, cover my discomfort, and just keep it moving.
Created on February 6, 2019 (updated February 7, 2019)

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