List 1

Written with Andrew Aydin and illustrated by Nate Powell, Congressman John Lewis's award-winning graphic novel chronicles his experiences in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement.

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Explore the Words

definitions & notes only words
  1. integrate
    open up to members of all races and ethnic groups
    We don't wanna integrate!!
  2. indict
    accuse formally of a crime
    He was never indicted.
  3. spawn
    call forth
    Four little children murdered in the House of the Lord. How could our quest for human dignity spawn such evil?
  4. sanctuary
    area around the altar of a church for the clergy and choir
    This afternoon we gather in the quiet of this sanctuary to pay our last tribute to these beautiful children of God.
  5. perpetrate
    perform an act, usually with a negative connotation
    These children--unoffending, innocent, and beautiful--were the victims of one of the most vicious and tragic crimes ever perpetrated against humanity.
  6. martyr
    one who voluntarily suffers death
    They are the martyred heroines of a holy crusade for freedom and dignity--and so this afternoon, in a real sense they have something to say to each of us in their deaths.
  7. dignity
    the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect
    They are the martyred heroines of a holy crusade for freedom and dignity--and so this afternoon, in a real sense they have something to say to each of us in their deaths.
  8. segregation
    a social system with separate facilities for minority groups
    Governor George Wallace had started his term declaring " segregation forever," and two weeks before the bombing, he was quoted in the paper saying, "What this country needs is a few first-class funerals."
  9. constructive
    tending to improve or promote development
    We have to give people a direction a constructive outlet for their pain and frustration.
  10. provoke
    annoy continually or chronically
    Jim Clark was the sheriff of Dallas County. He was mean, violent, and easily provoked.
  11. deputize
    appoint as a substitute
    He was made all the more dangerous by the sundry gang of white men he deputized for the sole purpose of doing whatever it took to stop black people from voting.
  12. posse
    a temporary police force
    From poor laborers to wealthy landowners, sheriff Clark and his " posse" often carried cattle prods--and they did not use them on cows.
  13. curt
    brief and to the point
    With that curt dismissal, I decided it was time to join the people in Selma.
  14. registrar
    someone responsible for keeping records
    The registrar of voters held all of the power, and could decide to waive, or strictly enforce, any of the rules, at any time, for any reason.
  15. mobilize
    make ready for action or use
    In Dallas County, you could only register to vote on the first and third Mondays of the month. So while I was in jail, SNCC decided to use the next voter registration day to stage its largest mobilization yet.
  16. solidarity
    a union of interests or purposes among members of a group
    He had a graduate degree from Harvard, but like many of us, Bob started wearing overalls to show solidarity with the farmers and rural folks we were working with.
  17. apartheid
    a social policy of racial segregation
    Lowenstein had compared the conditions in Mississippi to those in South Africa under apartheid, so he and Bob Moses modeled their idea after a similar effort by South African activists.
  18. eulogy
    a formal expression of praise for someone who has died
    The speech I gave that night became a eulogy for our slain president.
  19. liberalism
    a political orientation favoring social progress by reform
    Will they think that liberalism is dead when the man is dead?
  20. eloquent
    expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively
    No memorial or eulogy could more eloquently honor President Kennedy's memory than the earliest possible passage of the civil rights bill for which he fought.
  21. complexion
    a point of view or general attitude or inclination
    The only way this can work is to have white people working alongside you, so then it changes the whole complexion of what you're doing.
  22. saturate
    infuse or fill completely
    I believe we should do everything we can in Mississippi this summer--we should do the smaller intensive programs and saturate the state with volunteers.
  23. unanimous
    in complete agreement
    The motion passed unanimously.
  24. prosecute
    conduct legal proceedings against a defendant
    But not one of them has been arrested and prosecuted for it.
  25. lynch
    kill without legal sanction
    It must make that choice this summer--or make us all witnesses to the lynching of democracy.
  26. anthropology
    science of the origins and social relationships of humans
    A twenty-one year old student at Queens College majoring in anthropology, Andy was the youngest of three.
  27. intervention
    the act of getting involved
    We made a direct appeal to President Johnson and Attorney General Robert Kennedy for intervention.
  28. communist
    a socialist in favor of collectivism in a classless society
    Just days before the first volunteers had arrived in Mississippi, he was quoted in the New York Times saying we were being exploited by communists to "generate racial tensions."
  29. discrimination
    unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice
    It banned discrimination in places of public accommodation.
  30. enforcement
    ensuring observance of or obedience to
    The three civil rights workers were still missing, and the real test of the Civil Rights Act-- enforcement--was yet to come.
  31. agitator
    a political troublemaker
    John Lewis!! You...You're nothin' but an outside agitator.
  32. canvass
    get opinions by asking specific questions
    Meanwhile, many of our volunteers in Mississippi were canvassing for people willing to attempt to register--and to accept the risk that came with it.
  33. curtail
    place restrictions on
    Perhaps a broad curtailment, if not a total moratorium...would be a better way forward.
  34. moratorium
    suspension of an ongoing activity
    Perhaps a broad curtailment, if not a total moratorium...would be a better way forward.
  35. rampant
    occurring or increasing in an unrestrained way
    It happened, sure, but it wasn't as rampant as a lot of people thought.
Created on February 10, 2017 (updated April 8, 2019)

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